In an injury lawsuit, there are often two kinds of damages: Compensatory and punitive.
Compensatory damages are those incurred by plaintiff for actual losses. These can range from medical bills and lost wages to pain and suffering and loss of life enjoyment. They are not necessarily tangible, but the goal is to restore those injured to whatever extent that's possible.
Punitive damages, meanwhile, are those intended to punish defendant. It's still the plaintiff who benefits from these damages, but whether plaintiff may seek them has little to do with his or her injuries and more to do with the egregiousness of defendant's conduct. Punitive damages are often far in excess of compensatory damages, particularly if defendant is a larger entity.