Not all injuries that occur in a hospital are medical liability claims.
This may seem an obvious point, but it's one a fair amount of health care providers make when faced with premises liability claims.
It's a key distinction because claims of medical liability are bound to a very stringent standard of filing and notification requirements, as well as a higher proof burden. Although state guidelines vary on these requirements, this is generally true across the board in all 50 states.
For example in Alabama, the evidentiary and procedural laws are quite extensive. While most civil cases simply requires proof to the jury's reasonable satisfaction, a medical malpractice claim requires proof by substantial evidence. And a poor outcome is not enough. It must be shown the medical professional breached the applicable standard of care for someone in his or her position.